A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE RESPONSE OF AMPHIPHOD GRANDIDIERELLA SP. TO CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT OF JAKARTA BAY
A preliminary study on the response of amphipod exposed to contaminated sediments of Jakarta Bay was carried out in October 2009. The objective of the study was to determine the mortality rate of amphipod in response to exposure of contaminated sediments. Seven sediment samples were taken from the bay, i.e, reference site (St. A), and six-contaminated sites (St. B3, B5, C3, C5, D3, and D5). Amphipod (Grandidierella sp.) was collected from reference site. The study showed that average of mortality rate of amphipod ranged between 50.0 and 76.3% at contaminated sediments and 38.3% at reference sediments. There was significant difference on mortality rate of amphipod exposed to sediments of reference site and that of contaminated sites. The mortality of Grandidierella sp. was not strongly correlated with the concentration of Pb and Cu in contaminated sediments. The critical mortality factor of amphipod in this study might be due to variation in grain size of sediments and short period of acclimatization.
Arifin Z. and L.I. Bendell-Young. 2000. The Relative Importance of Inorganic Versus Organic Diet Components in the Cd Assimilation Efficiency by the Blue Mussel (Mytilus trossulus). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 192: 181-193.
Arifin, Z. 2004. Trend of Coastal Pollution in Jakarta Bay, Indonesia: Its Implication for Fishery and Recreational Activities. In: Bilateral workshop, on Coastal Resources Exploration and Conservation (Bali, 13-15 October 2004), 16-21.
ASEAN Canada Cooperative Programme on Marine Science-II (AC-CPMS II). 1995. Draft Protocol for Sub Lethal Toxicity Tests Using Tropical Marine Organisms. ASEAN-Canada Cooperative Programme on Marine Science—Phase II. Regional Workshop on Chronic Toxicity Testing, Burapha University, Institute of Marine Science, Thailand: 4-19.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). 2006. Standard Guide for Conducting 10-Day Static Sediment Toxicity Tests with Marine and Estuarine Amphipods. ASTM E 1367-03. In: Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 11.05. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.444-505.
Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME).1995. Protocol for the Derivation of Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life. Report CCME EPC-98E, Environment Canada, Ottawa.pp 1-35.
Costa, F.O. A. D. Correia, and M. H. Costa. 1998. Acute Marine Sediment Toxicity: A Potential New Test with the Amphipod Gammarus locusta. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 40: 81-87.
DeWitt, T. H., G. R. Ditsworth, and R. C. Swartz, 1988. Effects of Natural Sediment Features on Survival of the Phoxoeephalid Amphipod, Rhepoxynius abronius. Mar. Environ. Res., 25: 99-124.
Gatidou, G and N.S. Thomaidis. 2007. Evaluation of Single and Joint Toxic Effects of Two Antifoul-ing Biocides, Their Main Metabolites and Cop-per Using Phytoplankton Bioassays. Aquatic Toxicology, 85: 184-191.
Gulley, D.D.,A.M. Boelter, and H.L. Bergman. 1990. Toxstat Version 3.2. Fish Physiology and Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY: 1-3.
Long, E.R. D.D. Macdonald, S.L. Smith, and F.D. Calder, 1995. Incidence of Adverse Biological Effects Within Ranges of Chemical Concentrations in Marine and Estuarine Sediments. Environ. Manage., 19:81-97.
Nipper, M. and D.S Roper. 1995. Growth of an Amphipod and a Bivalve in Uncontaminated Sediments: Implications for Chronic Toxicity Assessments. Mar. Poll. Bull., 31: 424-430.
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 1992. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.
Suedel, B. C. and J.H.Jr. Rodgers. 1994. Responses of Hyalella azteca and Chironomus tentans to Particle-size Distribution and Organic Matter Content of Formulated and Natural Freshwater Sediments. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 13: 1639-1648.
Thomas, C and L.I. Bendell-Young. 1998. Linking the Sediment Geochemistry of an Intertidal Region to Metal Bioavailability in the Deposit Feeder Macoma balthica. Ma_r Ecol. Prog. Ser., 173: 197-213.
Wang, W.X., Q.L. Yan, W. Fan, W., Y. Xu. 2002. Bioavailability of Sedimentary Metals from a Contaminated Bay. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, 240: 27-38.
Wentworth, C. K. 1922. A Scale of Grade and Class Term for Clastic Sediment. Journ. Geol., 30: 337-392.
Copyright (c) 2010 Marine Research in Indonesia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.