REPRODUCTION AND LARVAL REARING OF SANDFISH (HOLOTHURIA SCABRA)

Sari Budi Moria Sembiring, Gigih Setia Wibawa, I Nyoman Adiasmara Giri, Jhon Harianto Hutapea, - Haryanti

Abstract


The natural stock of sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (known as sandfish) has been declining in both population and size, making it difficult to collect broodstock and juvenile sandfishes for aquaculture. This highlights the importanceof producing domesticatedbroodstocks and analyzing the performance of their juveniles. This research aims to evaluate the reproductive performance of domesticated broodstocks (F-1) and their juveniles (F-2). Broodstocks were reared in two rectangular concrete tanks with a dimension of 190 x 290 x 70 cm3. There were 12 individuals (7 males and 5 females) of broodstocks (F-1) with average total length and body weight of 12.0 ± 1.21 cm and 122.6 ± 32.37 g, respectively. Six broodstocks were put into each tank and fed with compressed benthos at 4% of biomass dailyin the afternoon. In our experiment, domesticated sandfish broodstocks successfully spawned twice. The first spawning (occurred in January 2017) had one female spawned that released 1,350,000 eggs with a hatching rate of 57.4%.Another broodstock spawned in April 2017 and produced 3,280,000 eggs with a hatching rate of78.66%. The growth performance of 170 days-old juveniles (F-2) showsan average length of 5.66 ± 0.90 cm and an average body weight of 10.08 ± 2.07 g. The survival rates are 5.19% and 8.68% for juveniles spawned in January and April, respectively. We conclude by showing that sandfish could be domesticated to produce seeds for further aquaculture development.


Keywords


Broodstock, domesticated, juvenile, performance, reproduction, sandfish

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/mri.v43i1.267

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